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There are various forms of hoffen: hoffen + object There are not many nouns you can hope. Most often you describe the object in a full sentence or a clause with dass. If the subject of this clause is the same as in the main sentence, you may as well use an infinitive clause with zu. Examples: Ich hoffe das Beste. Ich hoffe, Sie hatten ein gutes ...


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It is correct to use successive "zu", though you usually try to avoid it for stylistic reasons. It is not correct to put the preposition "an" after the verb "hindern". You need to put it in front. It is also not correct to use "an" with "zu" + infinitive. You need the form "daran" for that. So you end up with the correct phrasing: ... ihn daran zu ...


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Whether the verb and the reflexive pronoun is in singular or plural depends solely on the grammatical number of the subject. Or let me put it differently: The conjugation of the verb and reflexive pronoun always match. Although in the following sentence there are two people involved, "er" is singular, thus the verb and the pronoun are singular: Er ...


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Generally you just need to think of the reflexive 'form' of a verb as a separate verb entirely. 'Sich mit jdm verstehen' means 'to get on with sb', and is thus different from verstehen on its own which just means to understand. Treffen on its own means to meet, but sich treffen more like to assemble or gather. Often making a verb reflexive changes the ...


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1- ich hoffe ein gutes Jahr. Wrong. 2- ich hoffe auf ein gutes Jahr. OK 3- ich hoffe , (dass+/-) Sie ein gutes Jahr haben. dass mandatory 4- ich hoffe es, (dass+/-) Sie ein gutes Jahr haben. Wrong (es), dass mandatory 5- ich hoffe auf es, (dass+/-) Sie ein gutes Jahr haben. Wrong (auf es), dass mandatory What do you actually expect es / auf ...


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