Does ganz mean the whole of something and alles mean all the constituent parts?
The whole of Germany. => ganz
Have we got everything? => alles
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"Ganz" means "the whole". The entirety of some single entity: "ganz Deutschland": the whole country of Germany.
"Alles" means "all" in the sense that it's about every element of some group: "alle Deutschen": every single person of German nationality.
Ganz means "whole" and refers to "completeness." "Ganz Deutschland," the "whole" (entire, complete) country of Germany,
Alles means "all" and refers to a "count." "Alle Leute sind hier.": every (single, previously ennumerated) person is here.
In singular: ganz (all, whole, entire, complete): preferred for singular items
Hast du die ganze Pizza gegessen?
Das ist meine ganze Familie.
Wir haben nicht den ganzen Film gesehen.
In plural: if there are multiples of something, use “all”:
Alle Kinder wollen Süßigkeiten.
Kennt ihr alle meine Freunde?