Wenn man dich ansieht, möchte man fast dem Sprichwort glauben: „Einen solchen Prozeß haben, heißt ihn schon verloren haben.“ „Lieber Onkel,“ sagte K., „die Aufregung ist so unnütz, sie ist es auf deiner Seite und wäre es auch auf meiner. -Referanz

What does "es" refer to in the above sentence?

1 Answer 1


The word “es” refers to “unnütz”.

  • Interesting, so in a way, unnuetz aspect of the Aufregung is being referred by the usage of es Jun 19, 2023 at 14:03
  • Yes. That's a common way to refer back to some procedure (here: unnütz sein) mentioned in an earlier sentence (part). Jun 19, 2023 at 14:19
  • To add to that: the equivalent in English would be something like "it is so" or "it is that". In German you can just use a personal pronoun to refer an adjective which doesn't sound good in English.
    – wonderbear
    Jun 19, 2023 at 15:09

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