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1

The case is a property of the nominal phrase itself, as explained in the other answers, however there are restrictions to what cases can appear in a sentence. What cases a German sentence can contain is mostly determined by its predicate (the main verb of the sentence) and the meaning the predicate wants to express. For example, Der Hund isst das Huhn. ...


11

In addition to (or variation of) Jonathan's perfect answer, just because sometimes looking at something from different angles may help getting familiar with it: You seem to come from a language without "cases", therefore the concept is alien to you. Don't be afraid, it is neither difficult, nor is it restricted to German. All indo-european ...


49

You seem to have had a misunderstanding about what case is. Case is not an attribute of a sentence, but the attribute of a noun phrase, which is a part of a sentence. This is the analysis of your example sentence (be aware of spelling, your original sentence is flawed regarding capitalization). The square brackets mark the boundaries of the noun phrases. ...


2

This is just a supplement to Björn Friedrich's neat answer. If one omits "der Isar" as the genitive attribute belonging to "Strand", one gets "Ich seh'n mich nach Strand". One can of course criticize that a "dem" is missing ("Ich seh'n mich nach dem Strand"), but the meaning is nevertheless absolutely clear. ...


6

The sentence, as a whole, is not in accusative case. Each sentence consists of different parts of speech, and some of them are in some grammatical cases. The subject of a sentence is always in nominative case. In sentences in active voice the subject names the thing or person who performs the action. The verb is the action and all other parts either describe ...


3

Ich is nominative. This means that the role of the subject is already taken by it, and Regenschirm is the object. Because brauchen is a transitive verb, Regenschirm must be accusative (even if it looks the same as nominative, see declination table in "Grammatik" section of Duden). The attributes of Regenschirm must have the same case as Regenschirm,...


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