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8

In, in the nondirectional (temporal) sense of in den Zeiten "in the times", takes the dative case. The datives of die Zeit are der Zeit (Sg) and den Zeiten (Pl). Der Zeiten could be a correct genitive plural form, but that doesn't work in this phrase, unless you have a very poetic construction like in der Zeiten Lauf "in the run of times", where the phrase ...


3

1) Er rennt mitten in der Nacht. time More examples: mitten am Tag mitten in der Stunde 2) Er rennt auf der Straße. or Er rennt mitten auf der Straße. place More examples: Er rennt mitten auf dem Weg. Er rennt mitten auf der Tartanbahn. Er rennt mitten auf dem Marktplatz. / Er rennt über den Marktplatz. 3a) Die Kugel traf ihn mitten in die Stirn. ...


3

I realised it's not a duplicate. Geld and Schokolade are uncountable objects. The same is true for salt, water or anger. Unless you're Homer Simpson you can not have one, two or three money. You just have money or not. German shares this grammar property. Uncountable objects are used without article. If you want to be specific you have to introduce ...


1

I think Geld and Schokolade are used in their general terms here, meaning that they don't refer to a specific countable object of Geld or Schokolade, and more to the general class of Geld or Schokolade, so the article is dismissed because you don't refer to a specific countable object. Another example would be Ich mag Schokolade, which would translate to I ...


0

I never before have heard the term "adjectival noun". Whatever it mights be, you don't need it when you learn German nouns. You missed the most important item on your list: meaning Some words have just grammatical functions but no meaning (like "ein", "und", "wo" and many others), but nouns always have a meaning. This is why we put nouns into almost all ...


4

As a language learner, you have to be on the lookout for nouns that don't change in the plural. This mostly concerns masculine and neuter nouns ending in -el, -en, -er. Some examples: der Nebel, Spiegel, Zweifel – das Kabel, Mittel, Viertel der Brunnen, Knochen, Streifen – das Eisen, Wesen, Zeichen der Bürger, Koffer, Treffer – das Fenster, Lager, ...


6

You wrote: Möbel is "das Möbel", even when refering to several pieces of furniture. This is not correct. Das Möbel refers to one piece of furniture only. Referring to many pieces requires the plural die Möbel. The four cases of the plural phrase antike Möbel are: nominative: antike Möbel genitive: antiker Möbel dative: antiken Möbeln accusative: antike ...


1

Duden.de listet verschiedene Varianten für "sich verlieren". Dabei werden Bedeutuungen unterschieden (allmählich schwächer werden vs. sich verirren), aber Dativ und Akkusativ werden offenbar gemischt. Der Weg verliert sich im Nebel Die Strasse verlor sich in dunstige Ferne "verirren": in unsere öde Gegend verliert sich selten jemand Hier ...


2

Nonwithstanding what Merkel actually said, the sentence as you wrote it is is grammatical. Der can be used as a substitute for der, welcher, although that sounds rather old fashioned, even more so with the subordinated clause put at the beginning -- the formulation reminds me of biblical language. And that's what makes it sound wrong in a context like this,...


4

I think your transcription must be erroneous: I get Wer unnötige Begegnung vermeidet... when I Google. Admittedly, Merkel's pronunciation of the w is somewhat less than clear (video at appropriate time). Then this is a subjectival clause: the wer... clause is the subject of hilft. "Whoever avoids unnecessary contact helps all, who..."


4

The verb verstehen, irrespective of the particular denotation, requires the accusative. For example: Sie versteht ihr Handeln. (singular neuter) Sie versteht ihren Job. (singular male) Sie versteht ihre Arbeit. (singular female) Sie versteht ihre Aufgaben. (plural) Verstehen Sie mich? Using the dative would be wrong. Thus, the sentence Ihre Arbeit ...


-1

I am not at ease with: Ihre Arbeit versteht sie sehr gut. This goes back to the fixed expression: sein Handwerk verstehen But the meaning of verstehen is slightly different. In the second case, there might be more muscle memory than comprehension. But that has not much to do with the case. Von ihrer Arbeit versteht sie viel! This is with dativ, ...


0

"Ihre Arbeit" is here the object. Here we have an object-verb-subject ordering. Objects are in accusative (mostly).


3

Note that not all accusatives are accusative objects. Two examples of accusatives that are not accusative objects are accusatives governed by prepositions and temporal accusatives. Ich habe mich sehr über das Geschenk gefreut. (Präpositionalobjekt) Du bewegst dich in die richtige Richtung. (direktionale Angabe) Ich halte mich nicht den ganzen Tag ...


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