49 votes
Accepted

If »Geld« is neuter, then why not »genuges Geld«?

In this sentence the word »genug« (enough) does not describe a property of »Geld« (money). You can test this when you try to use this word as an attribute in a nominal phrase that is used as subject ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
31 votes
Accepted

Same noun, same case, same adjective, different ending – what are the rules behind this?

TL;DR: Adjectives have to be declined not only according to the noun’s gender, number, and case but also according to the type of article used. If a verb links the adjective to the subject, the ...
22 votes
Accepted

Why "alle Tale" and not "alle Täler"?

The German language has a variety of nouns that carry two plural forms. There is Land, Länder, Lande, Tuch, Tücher, Tuche, and Wort, Wörter, Worte. The first plural form collects several independent ...
Cornelius Brand's user avatar
20 votes

If »Geld« is neuter, then why not »genuges Geld«?

Genug is an adverb in your example sentence. Adverbs in German do not take adjective endings. Here's a similar example with the use of genug as an adverb from dict.cc: Als ob ich nicht schon ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
  • 6,032
20 votes
Accepted

Why is there "n" at end of plural of meter but not of "kilometer"

In the first sentence, "Metern" is dative plural, as required by "mit". The other examples are accusative, as measurements tend to be.
Carsten S's user avatar
  • 20.3k
19 votes
Accepted

Den Männern vs Die Männer

You are mixing up two different things. (Without an actual quote I can’t determine whether the book is imprecise or you misunderstood.) The definitive article has different forms for the cases, i.e. ...
Stephie's user avatar
  • 24k
19 votes

"Ihr kleinen Monster?" How come?

This is an area where German grammar shows some instability. First, note that ihr is a second person plural pronoun in the nominative (accusative and dative would be euch). The appositive noun phrase ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 24.9k
18 votes
Accepted

Warum werden „winzig“ und „unendlich“ hier nicht dekliniert?

winzig and unendlich are adverbs here; they modify the adjectives kleines resp. großen, instead of the nouns Körnchen and Sternenwolke. Unlike adjectives, adverbs are not inflected.
Glorfindel's user avatar
  • 1,318
15 votes
Accepted

The apparently mismatched declension in the expression "über alle Maßen"

Actually, über demands an accusative here, and that's why "alle" is correct here. ("über alle Maßen" means "über alle Maßen hinaus", so you have to ask "über wen?&...
Jonathan Scholbach's user avatar
14 votes

Translation of "for some" as an existential quantifier

The formal statement ∃ x ∈ A : P(x) using the existential quantifier reads as Es existiert ein x ∈ A, so dass P(x) gilt or Es gibt ein x ∈ A, so dass P(x) gilt. It is unnecessary to say mindestens ...
Paul Frost's user avatar
  • 10.2k
13 votes
Accepted

Grammatik von „zu meiner Reisen“?

Bei Reisen handelt es sich in diesem Fall um eine alte Dativform von Reise. In moderner Sprache würde es also zu meiner Reise heißen. In älterer Literatur sind derartige Formen nicht besonders selten,...
chirlu's user avatar
  • 19.6k
13 votes
Accepted

Wie bei Muttern?

Zum Singular Dativ und Akkusativ Muttern (nicht zu verwechseln mit dem Plural der Schraubenmutter) schreiben die Grimms: Nur der Hausrede des nördlichen Deutschlands gehört die Dat.- und Acc.-Form ...
Takkat's user avatar
  • 70k
13 votes

If »Geld« is neuter, then why not »genuges Geld«?

Addendum to the answers here, the adjective form of the genug is genügend. It can be translated as sufficient in English. Some examples from internet with this adjective; Ich war ohne Mittel, denn ...
Ad Infinitum's user avatar
  • 3,677
13 votes
Accepted

Warum heißt der Film "Das radikal Böse" anstatt "Das radikale Böse"?

Kommt darauf an, was man qualifizieren will - es kann beides richtig sein. Nehmen wir ein anderes Beispiel: Die furchtbare Alte (1) vs. Die furchtbar Alte (2) In (1) bezieht sich das "...
tofro's user avatar
  • 61.9k
13 votes
Accepted

Warum ist es zur Rechten und nicht immer zum Recht/e?

Die Ausdrücke haben unterschiedliche Bedeutungen, beziehen sich insbesondere aber bereits auch auf unterschiedliche Substantive. zum Recht bezieht sich auf das Substantiv (das) Recht (DWDS) zur ...
johnl's user avatar
  • 7,688
12 votes

Is it incorrect not to decline "in" and "von" in dativ?

It is correct in the sense that people will readily understand you, and are unlikely to correct you. However, in many constructions this will immediately mark you as a non-native speaker. In present-...
Kilian Foth's user avatar
  • 14.7k
12 votes
Accepted

Soll ich "wer" nach "dem" entsprechend deklinieren?

Der Kopf einer solchen Konstruktion richtet sich nach der Funktion im eingebetteten Satz: Stehe zu dem, der liebt. (Subjekt im Nominativ) Stehe zu dem, dessen Liebe du teilhaftig wurdest. (Objekt im ...
phipsgabler's user avatar
  • 5,204
11 votes
Accepted

Declension of "Kinder" in "nicht nur für, sondern auch von Kinder(n)"

Du kannst schreiben: Es stellte sich heraus, dass die Spielzeuge nicht nur für, sondern auch von Kindern produziert werden. Erklärt wird das zum Beispiel bei canoo.net: Wenn zwei Attribute oder ...
Matthias's user avatar
  • 19k
11 votes
Accepted

"Einer von ihnen lachte." Why "Einer"?

This is neither an article nor a numeral, it is an indefinite pronoun: masculine (men, spoons) Vor der Tür standen zwei Männer. Einer von ihnen lachte. Two men were standing in front of the ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
11 votes

Why "alle Tale" and not "alle Täler"?

I'll try to answer a bit more generally. In a language that has declension classes, or different ways to form the plural, it is to be expected that nouns occasionally show variation in how they form ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 24.9k
10 votes
Accepted

fließend oder fließendes Wasser

Man versteht unter dem festen Begriff fließend Wasser das Wasser, das in einer Wohnung aus dem Wasserhahn fließt. Beugt man fließend, dann wird die Bedeutung zu Gunsten der Eigenschaft verschoben, ...
Takkat's user avatar
  • 70k
10 votes
Accepted

Which sentence is correct and how to use dass

Oh, you realize that each of you used two clauses? One main clause (V2 = verb in 2nd position), one subordinate clause (verb at the end): [Ich hoffe], dass [ihr einen schönen Tag habt]. So to ...
Stephie's user avatar
  • 24k
10 votes
Accepted

The dative case - expressing the action of putting something on a table

German expresses the same thing that English distinguishes between in and into (or on and onto, as in your case) with accusative and dative case. In case your sentence describes a movement of an ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 61.9k
10 votes

Why "alle Tale" and not "alle Täler"?

Adelung, in his dictionary from 1801, already states the plural als Thäler (Tal was spelled Thal then) but also mentions, that the German bible translation frequently uses Thale instead. I guess that ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 27.4k
10 votes
Accepted

Warum ändert "keine" den Fall?

Kein ändert nicht den Fall, sondern die Deklinationsform. Adjektive können schwach oder stark dekliniert werden, je nachdem ob ihnen ein Artikelwort vorausgeht oder nicht. Für das Adjektiv schnell zum ...
Björn Friedrich's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Why does “Bayreuther Festspielhaus” not inflect according to gender?

The forms ending in -er that are generated from geographical names are not really adjectives. Most importantly, they are invariable, i.e. do not inflect according to case, number or presence of an ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 38.4k
9 votes

What is the origin of the German "n-Deklination"?

The n-Deklination originates from the Indo-European (athematic) n-stems. You may want to take a look at the Wikipedia page about Proto-Indo-European nominals It does not originate from Latin; rather, ...
RHa's user avatar
  • 15.1k
9 votes

undeclined adjectives in the neutral, the "schön Wetter" type construction

Other usages are: gut Ding will Weile haben, i.e. getting a good result takes time. gut Wetter machen, i.e. trying to temper someone's mood. Das geht weg wie geschnitten Brot., i.e. something that ...
8 votes
Accepted

Deklination von „gleich“

Es ist kein Nominativ, sondern es handelt sich dabei um einen so genannten prädikativen Genitiv, d.h. um einen Genitiv, der über das Verb sein mit dem Subjekt verbunden ist. Daher muss es heißen: ...
Thorsten Dittmar's user avatar
8 votes

Same noun, same case, same adjective, different ending – what are the rules behind this?

In 1 der rote Apfel the gender of Apfel is expressed by der. After der/die/das the adjective does not need a gender marker and the ending is only -e. In 2 ein Apfel you can’t see the gender because ...

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible